Before performing prayers to the god, most of the Hindu religion followers lit a brass diya to the deity or to an idol. Some people light the lamp in the morning. Some light the lamp in the evening.
And some light the lamp in the mornings and the evenings. Brass Diya is South India is known as Vilakku. People offer prayers after lighting the lamp. These lamps come in different size and shape, from a small one to life size. In some houses they light the lamps continuously all day long. And it is known as Akhand Diya. A continuously light lamp in the Lord Shiva temple is known as Nandadeepa.
Significance of lighting brass diya ?
The Brass diya is associated closely with the Hindu religion and form of worship. People follow some traditions in the Hindu religion, especially igniting the lamp is one. The wick in the lamp depicts ego. The oil / ghee used depicts human negative tendencies. When we are light by self-knowledge just like our negative tendencies, which are compared to oil and wick compared to our ego. As the oil melt and wick perishes away, our ego and negative feelings fade away with them. Then we realize we are all part of the universe, and bhraman is one. The light signifies knowledge. Light removes darkness from our lives. Lamps made with brass/silver/gold are either vertical standing or hanging. The vertical lamps ones are designed and look like a star. They usually have five wicks. They are also known as Nila vilakku. The hanging lamps are attached to a chain and have multiple wicks. These mainly used in in pairs of two and are also known as Thooku vilakku.
Brass diya is mainly used in shrines and household, usually people use it for almost every occasions. Some follow lighting the lamp for traditional values and some do it as offerings.
Diya is also known as deya, deepa, deepam in many languages which is an oil lamp and made from clay or brass , with a cotton wick dipped in an oil or ghee. Cotton wicks with single wick are used for normal benefit. And two wicks brings harmony and peace in the family and relatives.
We light the lamp to see the god clearly and keeping the lamp in front of God is a sign of good omen Shubha kaarakam it means good start.
In the ancient times the lamps are only the sources of light in the homes because the houses are made without windows hence it used to be dark. In the olden days the lamps are made of stone or coconut shell and later replaced by brass diya and metal lamps, metal diyas can be designed in the way we want and can be made in different metals like brass, silver and gold and three became prominent with time and still diya’s are used in the time of festivals, majority of the people still use them on the favorite occasion Diwali which is known as Festival of Lights is all about lamps igniting life’s and chasing away darkness and another festival people mostly uses lamps is Holi or rangoli known as the festival of colors. In the modern days lamps play prominent role in household and temples,In earlier days some temples had niches in the walls where lamps could be placed and now most of the temples and household uses lamps with new carvings and ornaments. There are different types of brass diya and some of them are Niranjana, Samai, Lamanadeepa, Pancharati, Deepalakshmi, Deepamala and Deepavruksha.
Fire is the source of light and Light is a form of energy that directs everything in this universe. it creates a field of energy around itself and always raises your inner nature. And there are few customs people follow regarding the placement and direction of the lamps and they are, North implies success in all ventures, South implies inauspicious, West implies independence from debts and East implies good health.